Saturday, December 21, 2019

Impact of Taylorism and Fordism on Management - 2026 Words

Management is a very complex field and has evolved over a long period of time. Globalization has affected every part of our lives and not even management has been spared, thus forcing new approaches to management to be developed in line with global demands. The oldest school of thought was the scientific management by Frederick Winslow Taylor. His main objective was to improve economic efficiency through application of scientific principles to labour process and establish one best way to do things. Its main impact was efficiency along with deskilling and dehumanisation of workers. Fordism was another school named after Henry Ford after spending much devising ways improving productivity of automobile companies ,especially Ford Motor†¦show more content†¦Taylorism also entailed selecting right people for right jobs and eliminating those who are slackers or unproductive. It was introduced during the era of mechanisation and automation hence laid the ground for automation of industrial processes and also offshoring. Fordism Fordism was established by Henry Ford of the Ford Motor Company. His main aim was to make the industry productive although some scholars would attribute it to development of Taylorism as most of scientific management principles were incorporated in Fordism. Taylor developed the idea of division of labour but Ford perfected it by breaking down the production process into small segments with each segment being handled by single person in an assembly line (Beynon Nichols 2006). Ford also eliminated the use of humans and replaced them with special-purpose machines thus perfecting the automation process started by Taylor. These machines produced standardised mass products for customers for mass consumption. By operating on regulation principle, Ford wanted to ensure workers’ standard of living are raised in proportion to their productivity hence his era was that of high-wages as also emphasised by Taylor. This high wage was to enable these workers to consume the mass products that were being produced. The system also offered job securityShow MoreRelatedDescribe and Critique on Scientific Management1284 Words   |  6 PagesReport Title: Describe and critique the Scientific Management approach pioneered by Frederick Taylor Content Page Executive Summary 2 Who Is Frederick W. Taylor? 3 Scientific Management 4 Fordism 5 Criticisms of Scientific Management 6 Neo - Taylorism 7 Conclusion 8 Reference List 9 Executive Summary This study aims to analyze and discuss both industrial benefits and social implications of Frederick Taylor’s scientific management approach. A brief biography of the â€Å"Father of Efficiency†Read MoreThe Need for An Adequate Evaluation of Organization Behavior 1596 Words   |  7 Pagesorganizational behaviour is needed. This essay is going to analyse the application of a critical model of thinking to studying organizational behaviour. It is going to do so by first setting clear definitions of key terms, describing generally Taylorism, Fordism and Post-Fordism and then proceeding with analysis of different examples. These examples would relate to the above mentioned organizational behaviour theories and the relationships between them. As a result of the analysis a summary is to be drawn focusingRead MoreBusiness Management Improves the Efficiency of an Organization1872 Words   |  7 PagesManagement approaches and practices are core to the concept of business mana gement due to the insight it offers on various aspects of improving the efficiency of organizations. 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Fordism which picked up the name of its pioneer, Ford, involved mass consumption which is combined with mass production to produce widespread material advancementRead MoreTaylors Scientific Management Principles in Current Organizational Management Practices2332 Words   |  10 PagesSo, scientific management works better with small companies which do not usually need to react to change (Caldari, 2007: 74). This lack of flexibility, the main defect attributed to the Fordism model (which adopted Taylorism’s Principles with just a different philosophy during 1960-1970) was the key word for the development of Post-Fordism (Caldari, 2007: 72). Although it may seem that Post-Fordism, which emerged from the crisis of Fordism (Amin, 2008: 18), surged to challenge Fordism tenets, coreRead MoreFordism (Sociology)1782 Words   |  8 PagesFordism is a system that arose during the last decades of the 19th Century through to the second decade of the 20th Century. 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